Edward Blomfield CLARKE1

(1885 - 1972)
Father*Henry Tacy CLARKE1 b. 1825, d. 1902
Mother*Emily (Minnie) GILL1 b. 1853, d. 1885
Edward Blomfield CLARKE was born on 20 October 1885 in Waimate North, Northland.2,1,3

He married Mabel Kathleen NEUMANN in New Zealand in 1906.2,1,4,5

He was widowed at age 56 on the death of his wife Mabel on 27 November 1941.2,1,6

Edward's second marriage was to Rita Charlotte HARGRAVES on 6 February 1943 in New Plymouth.2,1,7

In 1947 he authored and published a book - 'The Early Life in Paihia.1'

Edward died on 10 February 1972 in Matamata at age 86.2,8,9 He was buried on 12 February 1972 at the Birkenhead/Glenfield Cemetery in Birkenhead.10,1,11

Family 1

Mabel Kathleen NEUMANN (1881 - 1941)
Children

Family 2

Rita Charlotte HARGRAVES (1898 - 1985)
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.
  2. [S265] Book - Edgar T. Jones, George & Martha Clarke Family Tree, p23.
  3. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Birth Reg. No. 1885/14335, and Death Reg. No. 1972/30796 gives this birthdate.
  4. [S443] CD - NZ Marriages, CD - NZ Marriages 1836-1956 V2, NZ Registrar General's Folio 27.
  5. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Marriage Reg. No. 1906/93.
  6. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1941/26986, aged 60.
  7. [S443] CD - NZ Marriages, CD - NZ Marriages 1836-1956 V2, NZ Registrar General's Folio 1929.
  8. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1972/30796.
  9. [S573] Birkenhead/Glenfield Cemetery database, at http://www.northshorecity.govt.nz/cemetery/cemetery_info/…
  10. [S302] Cemetery Marker - , Glenfield Cemetery, Birkenhead.
  11. [S573] Birkenhead/Glenfield Cemetery database, at http://www.northshorecity.govt.nz/cemetery/cemetery_info/…, Public Lawn Row I plot 55.

Edward Blomfield CLARKE1

(1831 - 1900)
Father*George CLARKE1 b. 1798, d. 1875
Mother*Martha Elizabeth BLOMFIELD1 b. 1802, d. 1882
Edward Blomfield CLARKE was born on 4 May 1831 in Waimate North, Northland,2,1 and was baptised on 10 July 1831 at Waimate North Mission Station in Waimate North.3,1

He married Susannah Frances WOOD, daughter of John WOOD and Rachel Ann Sophia SUTTON, in Sydney, New South Wales, in 1857. There were no children from this marriage.2,4,1

He baptised Frederick Samuel CLARKE in New Zealand circa 1860.1,5

He was the Archdeacon of Waimate Nth from 1863 until his death in 1900.1

He was widowed at age 59 on the death of his wife Susannah on 17 December 1890.6,1,7

Edward died on 22 October 1900 in Auckland at age 69.2,1,8 He was buried at the St. Stephens churchyard, Judges Bay in Parnell.9,1

Family

Susannah Frances WOOD (1834 - 1890)
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.
  2. [S268] Book - Cyclopedia Company Ltd, The Cyclopedia of New Zealand, Vol 2, 1902 edition, Vol 2, Auckland.
  3. [S294] Filmed Manuscript - NZGS, Auckland, New Zealand, NZGS Microfilm Record: Extracts from Mission Records, Oct-Nov 1982 by Marion Wellington, Waitara. Film 466/82.
  4. [S284] Index - New South Wales BDMs online, at http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au, Marriage Reg. No. 356/1857.
  5. [S265] Book - Edgar T. Jones, George & Martha Clarke Family Tree.
  6. [S309] Cemetery Marker - , Waimate Nth Church.
  7. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1890/4612.
  8. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1900/7146, aged 69.
  9. [S265] Book - Edgar T. Jones, George & Martha Clarke Family Tree, p40.

Edward de Courcy CLARKE1

(1880 - 1956)
Father*Marsden CLARKE1 b. 1837, d. 1889
Mother*Frances Emily STUART1 b. c 1855, d. 1925
Edward de Courcy CLARKE was born in 1880 in New Zealand.2

He married Sylvia Rose DUNLOP in New Zealand in 1910.3,4

He was widowed on the death of his wife Sylvia on 30 May 1912.5,6

Edward's second marriage was to Josephine May PALMER on 10 March 1915 at Belair in Adelaide, South Australia.7

He was widowed on the death of his wife Josephine on 11 April 1950.8,9

Edward died in 1956 in East Coolgardie, Western Australia.10

Family 1

Sylvia Rose DUNLOP (1886 - 1912)
Child

Family 2

Josephine May PALMER (1884 - 1950)
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.
  2. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Birth Reg. No. 1880/19182.
  3. [S443] CD - NZ Marriages, CD - NZ Marriages 1836-1956 V2, NZ Registrar General's Folio 6458.
  4. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Marriage Reg. No. 1910/6139.
  5. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1912/4102, aged 26.
  6. [S568] Purewa Cemetery & Crematorium database, at http://www.purewa.co.nz/
  7. [S1021] BDM SA Registry, marriage record, Vol 262, p603.
  8. [S484] Index - West Australian BDMs online, at http://www.bdm.dotag.wa.gov.au/_apps/pioneersindex/…, Death Reg. No. 753.
  9. [S688] Metropolitan WA Cemetery database, at http://www.mcb.wa.gov.au, Application KC00004917, aged 65, ashes scattered over garden at Karrakatta Cemetery.
  10. [S484] Index - West Australian BDMs online, at http://www.bdm.dotag.wa.gov.au/_apps/pioneersindex/…, Death Reg. No. 227,aged 76.

Emily Jane CLARKE1

(1866 - 1882)
Father*William CLARKE1 b. 1827, d. 1914
Mother*Marianne KEMP1 b. 1826, d. 1882
Emily Jane CLARKE was born on 29 October 1866 in Waimate North, Northland.2,1,3

Emily died on 13 June 1882 in Waimate North, Northland, at age 15.2,1,4 She was buried at the St John the Baptist cemetery, 344 Te Ahu Ahu Rd in Waimate North.5,1
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.
  2. [S265] Book - Edgar T. Jones, George & Martha Clarke Family Tree, p28.
  3. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Birth Reg. No. 1866/1454.
  4. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1882/3386, aged 15.
  5. [S306] Cemetery Marker - , Waimate Nth Church cemetery.

Emily Mavis CLARKE1

(1912 - 1914)
Father*Edward Blomfield CLARKE1 b. 1885, d. 1972
Mother*Mabel Kathleen NEUMANN1 b. 1881, d. 1941
Emily Mavis CLARKE was born in September 1912 in Waimate North, Northland.2,1,3

Emily died on 21 February 1914 in Waimate North, Northland, at age 1.2,1,4 She was buried on 22 February 1914 at the St John the Baptist cemetery, 344 Te Ahu Ahu Rd in Waimate North.1
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.
  2. [S265] Book - Edgar T. Jones, George & Martha Clarke Family Tree, p26.
  3. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Birth Reg. No. 1912/17391.
  4. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1914/787, aged 1.

Eric Albert CLARKE1

(1922 - 2006)
Father*James CLARKE1 b. 1877
Mother*Maude Amelia POPE1 b. 1882, d. 1940
Eric Albert CLARKE was born on 10 September 1922 in Edmonton, Middlesex.1,2

Doris Ivy Maude CLARKE, Hubert J CLARKE and Eric Albert CLARKE were listed in the 1939 Register at 82 Silver St in Edmonton, Middlesex, along with James CLARKE and Maude Amelia POPE; Eric was an unemployed clerk.2

Eric died in October 2006 in Enfield, Middlesex, at age 84.3

Citations

  1. [S190] Index - GRO and Office of National Statistics, England & Wales Civil Registration Qtrly Indexes, Birth: District of Edmonton, Vol 3a, p920, 4Q1922.
  2. [S1044] Census - 29 Sep 1939, UK Register, RG101/0730H/002/35, Letter Code: BDAH, Schedule 17.
  3. [S190] Index - GRO and Office of National Statistics, England & Wales Civil Registration Qtrly Indexes, Death: District of Enfield, Reg. No. D63D, District 227/1D, entry 117, Oct 2006, aged 84.

Frances Anne CLARKE1

(1884 - 1953)
Father*Marsden CLARKE1 b. 1837, d. 1889
Mother*Frances Emily STUART1 b. c 1855, d. 1925
Frances Anne CLARKE was born in 1884 in New Zealand.2

She married David Dunlop SCOTT, son of George SCOTT and Kate (---?---), in New Zealand in 1913. There were no children from this marriage.1,3,4

Frances died in 1953 in New Zealand.5

Family

David Dunlop SCOTT (1881 - 1954)
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.
  2. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Birth Reg. No. 1884/10946.
  3. [S443] CD - NZ Marriages, CD - NZ Marriages 1836-1956 V2, NZ Registrar General's Folio 1521.
  4. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Marriage Reg. No. 1913/2082.
  5. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1953/18033, aged 68.

Frederick James CLARKE1

(1873 - 1950)
Father*William CLARKE1 b. 1827, d. 1914
Mother*Marianne KEMP1 b. 1826, d. 1882
Frederick James CLARKE was born on 13 June 1873 in Waimate North, Northland.2,1,3

He married Lavinia MAYALL in Manchester, Lancashire, in 1906.1

He was widowed at age 71 on the death of his wife Lavinia on 28 October 1944.1,4

Frederick died on 1 May 1950 in Onehunga at age 76.2,1,5

Family

Lavinia MAYALL (1882 - 1944)
Children
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.
  2. [S265] Book - Edgar T. Jones, George & Martha Clarke Family Tree, p28.
  3. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Birth Reg. No. 1873/2524.
  4. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1944/29165, aged 62.
  5. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1950/28174, aged 76.

Frederick Samuel CLARKE1

(1859 - 1938)
Father*Samuel Ludbrook CLARKE1 b. 1824, d. 1897
Mother*Mary Lee (Hannah) CHRISTOPHER1 b. 1826, d. 1903
Frederick Samuel CLARKE was born on 18 August 1859 at 'Wymondley' in Otahuhu, Auckland.2,1,3 He was baptised in New Zealand circa 1860.1,4

He married Margaret Amy Innes TAYLOR in New Zealand in 1895.1,5,6

Frederick died in February 1938 in British East Africa (Kenya) at age 78.2,1
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.
  2. [S265] Book - Edgar T. Jones, George & Martha Clarke Family Tree, p14.
  3. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Birth Reg. No. 1859/574.
  4. [S265] Book - Edgar T. Jones, George & Martha Clarke Family Tree.
  5. [S443] CD - NZ Marriages, CD - NZ Marriages 1836-1956 V2, NZ Registrar General's Folio 82.
  6. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Marriage Reg. No. 1895/286.

George CLARKE1

(1798 - 1875)
Father*William CLARKE1
Mother*Mary CLARKE1
George CLARKE was born on 27 January 1798 in Wymondham, Norfolk.2,3,4

His father William CLARKE was a gunsmith and builder, so between the ages of 11 and 20 he learnt carpentry and gunsmithry from his father, while receiving a sound basic education. In 1818 he went to London where he probably worked as a gunsmith before entering the Church Missionary Society training school at Islington. Although not ordained, he later served as a catechist and lay missionary.5

He married Martha Elizabeth BLOMFIELD in Swanton Morley, Norfolk, on 14 March 1822, the marriage performed by the Rev. Henry Tacy.6,1

George and his wife Martha sailed for New Zealand on 25 April 1822 on the Heroine but, after calling at Hobart, disembarked at Sydney in October to work at an Aboriginal settlement near Parramatta, before arriving in New Zealand in 1823.5

In March 1824 Clarke sailed with his wife and eldest son, George, for Kerikeri, New Zealand, aboard the French corvette Coquille, which was making a circumnavigation for scientific purposes under the command of Louis Duperrey. Duperrey and the naturalist René Lesson were critical of Clarke's manner: Duperrey remarked that as a missionary Clarke had adopted a manner at odds with his humble origins. On their arrival at Kerikeri, Duperrey recorded Hongi Hika's cool reception of Clarke on learning that he had come to New Zealand to practise his vocation rather than his trade. Clarke came to like and respect Hongi, although he disapproved of his enthusiasm for war. Monsieur Lesson was amused when Clarke introduced Hongi to him as a gentleman and was incredulous when Clarke voiced the opinion that within 10 years, by the grace of God, great changes would be made - the changes took closer to 15 years and might not have been entirely due to the grace of God.

After his arrival Clarke established a school for Maori children, at which he taught elementary school subjects and useful crafts. For the first year or so he reported that the people he was working with had 'savage, warlike dispositions', possessed a 'thirst for blood', and spoke a 'rude and barbarous' language. A year later he wrote of the peace and security in which his family was living.7

After 1828 he tried to persuade his father to come to New Zealand. He sent home substantial sums of money and wrote letters telling of his comfortable circumstances. He also described the progress made by the Maori in reading, writing, mathematics, 'civilisation', and acceptance of the Gospel.5

In 1830 and 1831 with William YATE, Richard DAVIS and James HAMLIN he founded the Waimate mission station. From 1831 to 1839 he and DAVIS managed the CMS model farm at Waimate North and for part of the time he acted as secretary of the CMS committee in New Zealand.5
Waimate Mission founder's plaque


At the request of the new colonial government, and with the encouragement of his missionary colleagues, Clarke reluctantly took up the post of chief protector of aborigines in 1840. In 1838 and 1839, with Henry Williams, he had advocated British intervention in New Zealand. So far as his official position was concerned, he believed 'Nothing will be done affecting the Maori but through me and those who are placed under me'. In reality, Clarke came under scrutiny from three separate groups: the government, the settlers, and the Maori people. None accepted Clarke's view of his role, although at first the government, because of its lack of resources and expertise, paid heed to Clarke and used him successfully in inter-tribal and inter-racial disputes. However, it was soon clear that Clarke had a conflict of interest, being expected to protect Maori interests and to act for the government in land sale negotiations

As a chief protector, Clarke could not have achieved popularity with the settler community even if his origins had been impeccably middle class. The group which best represented settler opinion, the New Zealand Company, regarded the Treaty of Waitangi as 'a praiseworthy device for amusing and pacifying savages for the moment', and had no patience with Clarke's high-minded approach.

Clarke had no doubt that there were only two options for the Maori people: government protection of rights and property, or oppression and extermination. Early on he correctly predicted trouble at each of the New Zealand Company settlements and sought to forestall it by requesting a larger protectorate staff, comprising men of high moral calibre. As there were few people fluent in both languages, Clarke's strategy was doomed to failure.

During his first two years as chief protector Clarke was able to report on the largely peaceful relations between the two races, a result, he said, of the forbearance of the Maori people. However, he had to admit that forbearance was not exercised in disputes between tribes and he attempted to mediate in such conflicts. Inter-racial tension was first violently manifested at Wairau in June 1843 when New Zealand Company representatives and settlers from Nelson tried to forcibly arrest Te Rauparaha and Te Rangihaeata. The settlers were routed and 22 killed; there were at least four Maori killed. Clarke's assessment of the affray has stood the test of time better than most. He judged that the settlers had provoked trouble by their aggressive approach, although his description of the Maori participants as 'inoffensive' is debatable.

Clarke did not always oppose settler interests, just as he did not always support Maori causes. He was unsympathetic to Hone Heke, attributing his disaffection to personal ambition and the agitation of disgruntled white people, particularly Americans. Generally, however, Clarke suspected the motives of settlers and was only too aware of his ambiguous position as a servant of the government and a guardian of Maori welfare. When copies of the 1844 House of Commons report of the select committee on New Zealand arrived in the colony, Clarke was dismayed by its recommendations, which favoured settlers. He rightly foresaw that the substance of the report would soon become known to the Maori people and would exacerbate their growing distrust.5

After acting as interpreter in 1844 for John Jones at the sale of land at Wakouaiti, he was given a tiki by a Maori chief, which he later gave to Miss C. C. Forsaith on her marriage in 1862 to Mr T. M Macdonald, later the first Crown Prosecutor of Invercargill.8
Tiki presented to George CLARKE who gave it as a wedding present to Charlotte FORSAITH in 1862


Clarke lost office when George Grey became governor, as Grey saw that Clarke had little contribution to make to his own policies and ambitions and, moreover, thought he might become popular with settlers if Clarke were dismissed and his personal land purchases challenged. The protectorate was abolished in 1846 and Clarke was offered a position with much less responsibility, which he declined. He returned to Waimate North, where he became a successful farmer and resumed his mission work as secretary of the CMS in New Zealand. However, he was dismissed in 1849 when Grey raised the issue of his land purchases with the parent committee of the CMS. He continued to be involved in public affairs, being elected to the New Ulster Legislative Council in 1852. When it did not meet, he was elected to the Auckland Provincial Council, serving from 1853 to 1855. He was appointed civil commissioner in the Bay of Islands in 1861 and judge of the Native Land Court in 1865.

George Clarke was a man of his time in that he believed his race had a civilising mission among the heathen. Unlike most of his compatriots in New Zealand, he had a genuine sympathy for the Maori people, to the point of being criticised for his hostility towards settlers. It is true to say that Clarke himself was a settler who bought land at a time when it could be acquired easily and cheaply. Yet in general his intentions were unselfish: the same could not be said of most settlers. His distrust of them was nearly always justified. As protector, Clarke made a positive contribution in the early years of European settlement.5

George died on 29 July 1875 in Waimate North, Northland, at age 77.4,9 He was buried on 1 August 1875 at the St John the Baptist cemetery, 344 Te Ahu Ahu Rd in Waimate North.10,11
Grave - George CLARKE (1798-1875) and wife Martha (nee BLOMFIELD)(1802-1882) Waimate Nth

Family

Martha Elizabeth BLOMFIELD (1802 - 1882)
Children
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.
  2. [S287] Book - Guy Scholefield Dictionary of NZ Biography, p159.
  3. [S288] Book - Dr Claudia Orange General Editor Dictionary of NZ Biography, Vol 1, 1992, Entry C18, p82.
  4. [S306] Cemetery Marker - , Waimate Nth Church cemetery.
  5. [S288] Book - Dr Claudia Orange General Editor Dictionary of NZ Biography, Vol 1, 1992.
  6. [S285] Family Group Sheet - Mrs M Ludbrook, "Ezekiel Blomfield family tree."
  7. [S288] Book - Dr Claudia Orange General Editor Dictionary of NZ Biography, Vol 1, 1992, Updated 4 April 2003, URL: http://www.dnzb.govt.nz/.
  8. [S587] Reference - Maori Hei Tiki, The tiki is now in the Southland Museum, Invercargill (catalog B79.570), size 18.7 x 9.8 x 2.5cm. Noted as being a donation from the E F McDonald estate - presumably a mis-transcription as it would be from E M Macdonald estate.
  9. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1875/4183.
  10. [S294] Filmed Manuscript - NZGS, Auckland, New Zealand, NZGS Microfilm Record: Extracts from Mission Records, Oct-Nov 1982 by Marion Wellington, Waitara. Film 466/82.
  11. [S306] Cemetery Marker - , Waimate Nth Church cemetery, Inscription on his and his wife's tombstone reads 'They came to New Zealand in 1823 as missionaries to the Maoris. They rest from their labours.'